Is it possible to embed the latest discourse posts on another website? Maybe something like an RSS feed?
Yes, that’s possible, for example 301 Moved Permanently gives you an RSS feed for the latest topics/posts. Just append .rss to the end of the URL you whish to use as a feed, it works for latest, categories and topics.
Oh, and you also can get JSON instead of RSS for each of those, just append .json instead of .rss
I’m working with “Pros” in the surf world to contribute to http://talksurf.com. Could Pros list their posts automatically on their websites just like it’s possible to link recent GitHub repos on an an Octopress static blog?
Perhaps the rss feed from that user page?
Not sure if user pages have an rss feed yet but that makes the most sense to me.