For a seasoned sysadmin, the favored way of moving large files is a tool like
scp, but sometimes, you don’t have ssh access to the host where you need to retrieve a large backup file.
Because backup files contain sensitive information, Discourse’s has security features that make it very difficult for an unauthorized person to retrieve a backup. You must get a download link via email and use that link logged in as the user who requested it. If you want to download the data with a web browser, it’s quite painless. If you want to move that backup to another server on the internet, most residential internet service makes that a very painful proposition. On my home internet connection a 2.3 GB file takes over 20 minutes to upload. The 12GB file here would take on the order of two hours.
Here is how to get a link that will allow you to pull a backup from a Discourse site via
First, initiate the download as usual and then open Chrome’s downloads page (chrome://downloads/). Right-click on the URL and copy it.
Then, in a shell on the machine where you want the file, you can then paste that URL into a wget request. Make sure that you put quotes around it as the
&s will cause you problems. You also need to make sure to maintain the backup file’s original filename. Your request should look something like this:
wget "https://bucket-name.s3.us-west-2.amazonaws.com/backups/xyz/multisitename/discourse-2020-11-19-001538-v20201116132948.tar.gz?X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Credential=AKIAWWK5WHOFJ%2F20201119%2Fus-west-2%2Fs3%2Faws4_request&X-Amz-Date=20201119T013442Z&X-Amz-Expires=300&X-Amz-SignedHeaders=host&X-Amz-Signature=1753b97a8aaf6953c89aa28628b8db" -o discourse-2020-11-19-001538-v20201116132948.tar.gz
You can also omit the
-o filename and rename the file (which will have the full URL as its filename) after you’ve downloaded it. The URL is time-limited, so you’ll need to initiate the download when you’re ready to pull it to your server.
You can then move the file to
/var/discourse/shared/standalone/backups/default and restore it from the web interface or with
cd /var/discourse ./launcher enter app discourse enable_restore discourse restore
The final command above will print a list of the available backups and you can copy-paste the correct one to start the restore.