Objects type for theme setting

We are introducing a new type: objects to the supported types for theme settings which can be used to replace the existing json_schema type which we intend to deprecate soon.

Defining an objects type theme setting

To create an objects type theme setting, first define a top level key just like any theme setting which will be used as the setting’s name.

links:
  ...

Next add the type, default and schema keywords to the setting.

links:
  type: objects
  default: []
  schema:
    ...

type: objects indicates that this will be an objects type setting while the default: [] annotation sets the default value of the setting to an empty array. Note that the default value can also be set to an array of objects which we will demonstrate once the schema has been defined.

To define the schema, first define the name of the schema like so:

links:
  type: objects
  default: []
  schema:
    name: link

Next, we will add the properties keyword to the schema which will allow us to define and validate how each object should look like.

links:
  type: objects
  default: []
  schema:
    name: link
    properties:
      name:
        ... 

In the example above, we are stating that the link object has a name property. To define the type of data that is expected, each property needs to define the type keyword.

links:
  type: objects
  default: []
  schema:
    name: link
    properties:
      name:
        type: string 

The above schema definition states that the link object has a name property of type string which means that only string values will be accepted for the property. Currently the following types are supported:

  • string: Value of property is stored as a string.
  • integer: Value of property is stored as an integer.
  • float: Value of property is stored as a float.
  • boolean: Value of property is true or false.
  • enum: Value of property must be one of the values defined in the choices keyword.
    links:
      type: objects
      default: []
      schema:
        name: link
        properties:
          name:
            type: enum
            choices:
              - name 1
              - name 2
              - name 3
    
  • categories: Value of property is an array of valid category ids.
  • groups: Value of property is an array of valid group ids.
  • tags: Value of property is an array of valid tag names.

With the schema defined, the default value of the setting can now be set by defining a array in yaml like so:

links:
  type: objects
  default:
    - name: link 1
      title: link 1 title
    - name: link 2
      title: link 2 title
  schema:
    name: link
    properties:
      name:
        type: string 
      title: 
        type: string

Required properties

All properties defined are optional by default. To mark a property as required, simply annotate the property with required: true. A property can also be marked as optional by annotating the property with required: false`.

links:
  type: objects
  default: []
  schema:
    name: link
    properties:
      name:
        type: string 
        required: true
      title:
        type: string
        required: false

Custom Validations

For certain property types, there are built in support for custom validations which can be declared by annotating the property with the validations keyword.

links:
  type: objects
  default: []
  schema:
    name: link
    properties:
      name:
        type: string 
        required: true
        validations:
           min: 1
           max: 2048
           url: true

Validations for string types

  • min_length: Minimum length of the property. Value of the keyword has to be an integer.
  • max_length: Maximum length of the property Value of the keyword has to be an integer.
  • url: Validates that the property is a valid URL. Value of the keyword can be true/false.

Validations for integer and float types

  • min: Minimum value of the property. Value of the keyword has to be an integer.
  • max: Maximum value of the property. Value of the keyword has to be an integer.

Validations for tags, groups and categories types

  • min: Minimum number of records for the property. Value of the keyword has to be an integer.
  • max: Maximum number of records for the property. Value of the keyword has to be an integer.

Nested objects structure

An object can also have a property which contains an array of objects. In order to create a nested objects structure, a property can also be annotated with type: objects and the associated schema definition.

sections:
  type: objects
  default:
    - name: section 1
      links: 
        - name: link 1
          url: /some/url
        - name: link 2
          url: /some/other/url
  schema:
    name: section
    properties:
      name:
        type: string 
        required: true
      links:
        type: objects
        schema:
          name: link
          properties:
            name:
              type: string
            url:
              type: string

Setting description and localization

To add a description for the setting in the en locale, create a file locales/en.yml with the following format given the following objects type theme setting.

sections:
  type: objects
  default:
    - name: section 1
      links: 
        - name: link 1
          url: /some/url
        - name: link 2
          url: /some/other/url
  schema:
    name: section
    properties:
      name:
        type: string 
        required: true
      links:
        type: objects
        schema:
          name: link
          properties:
            name:
              type: string
            url:
              type: string
en:
  theme_metadata:
    settings:
      sections:
        description: This is a description for the sections theme setting
        schema:
          properties:
            name:
              label: Name
              description: The description for the property
            links:
              name:
                label: Name
                description: The description for the property
              url:
                label: URL
                description: The description for the property
11 Likes

I remain to be convinced deprecation of the json schema style is a good idea.

Whilst these can get pretty complex and aren’t the most “developer friendly” of formats (so this is a great change in that regard), there are online tools to validate json schemas which is a really useful way to validate both the schema and against any default data.

e.g. https://www.jsonschemavalidator.net/

How will that work in this new world?

2 Likes

When uploading a theme, we will be validating the default data against the defined schema. That being said, we are not validating that the schema definition is valid now but it wouldn’t be hard for us to do so. Even for the json schema setting right now, I don’t think we are validating the default data against the defined schema.

Our current implementation of json schema type settings is kind of broken in many ways with the most obvious being the editor in the admin interface. We discussed this internally and decided that it is much easier for us to maintain a limited schema format defined by us instead of allowing all the possibilities that comes along with json schema.

2 Likes

Some cool features here:

  • you can get rid of JSON.parse and access the setting directly to the get object which is really nice.

  • the url validator!

:chefs_kiss: :chefs_kiss:

5 Likes

Is there any way for multiple lines to be respected in the editor?

This default works:

- name: markdown
  value: > 
    ## Heading
      * first bullet
      * second bullet

But once you edit this, the carriage returns are lost

Moreover, it would be nice to have a “text” type that could store more long-form data and perhaps expose a larger “text-area” editor

4 Likes

Here are some feedbacks:

2 Likes

I noticed this and it has been fixed in

1 Like

Will we be able to re-order items on the interface?

E.g. that’s the object settings editor on the easy footer theme component. I can’t re-arrange any items right now:

image

3 Likes

I wanted to request this feature as well! :+1:


On a side note, it would be helpful if the first post contained information about the identifier property.

Before looking at Nolo’s image above, I thought replacing the default child label with a property value was impossible. After looking at the code, I found the identifier property.

3 Likes

Reordering is certainly something that has been brought up internally as well. I’ll try to land that this week.

Noted. I’ll update the first post about the identifier property.

3 Likes

Yep to replace the (soon to be legacy?) json system it needs to match or exceed the old interface:

image

including the ordering.

1 Like