Please explain how hosting photos within the forum works. Does that get crazy expensive?

I’m concerned about the cost to host photos. (I’ve set up my forum in a droplet with Digital Ocean’s $10 plan - the forum doesn’t have any users yet.) I assume photos are stored within my Digital Ocean droplet. So does that mean I need to have enough storage space with Digital Ocean to accommodate the amount of data these photos take up?

Hosting photos within the forum is important, but how do I guesstimate the cost over time as more photos get added each month? Are there settings to optimize users’ photos?

I would greatly appreciate if someone could provide a simple explanation about photo hosting and costs. Thank you

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Correct, you can alternatively host photos with DigitalOcean Spaces (setup guide) or Amazon on their S3 service (setup guide), which would reduce costs for more storage dramatically.

You also have settings in Discourse to reduce maximum allowed image size, which will ensure you don’t have people uploading overly large images that will take up tons of storage space.

Some guesstimate math from a previous topic:

So extending that math into DigitalOcean Space’s 250GB for $5/mo… if you had 1,000 users uploading 3 images a year at 3MB each… you’d be covered for around 27 years.

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Thank you! That’s extremely useful information.

I suspect the forum will be photo heavy, but, since I have zero users at this point, I don’t know yet. Would you recommend setting up the forum to host photos on DigitalOcean Spaces or S3 before a public launch of the forum?

Also, does Discourse optimize the photos? If so, is there documentation on settings for this feature? (I apologize for what are likely very basic and obvious questions - I’m a little slow on the uptake. :upside_down_face:) Thank you!

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Yes, it would be easier to start that way rather than migrating down the road.

No, not the original files that are uploaded (which is why we recommend restricting maximum upload size in the settings). Discourse creates optimized images for displaying within posts (to cut down on loading time/bandwidth use), but a user can click on that image to view the full-size original.

If it’s absolutely necessary, we do have a script that could be run manually from the command line every now and then to trim down the size of the original images stored on the server

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Thank you, @awesomerobot! Your response has been incredibly helpful and has relieved some of my pre-launch worries.

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