Add a new locale from plugin

plugins

(Gerhard Schlager) #1

Usually the best way to add a new language to Discourse is by creating a pull request as described in “How to add a new language”.

The following guide is for you, if you want to use a language that can’t be added to core right now.


Adding a locale that extends an existing locale

Let’s say you want to add a Spanish locale for Mexico (es_MX). Discourse already ships a Spanish locale (es), so this is quite easy.

Your plugin’s directory structure should look like this:

custom-locales
├── assets
│   └── locales
│       └── es_MX.js.erb
├── config
│   └── locales
│       ├── client.es_MX.yml
│       └── server.es_MX.yml
└── plugin.rb
plugin.rb

You add the new locale by calling register_locale.

  • The first parameter is required and must be the language code.

  • name (the English name of the locale) and nativeName (the name shown in the user interface) can be omitted, if the language code exists in names.yml.

  • fallbackLocale is the language code that should be used as fall back for missing translations and pluralization rules.

# name: custom-locales
# about: An example plugin for adding new locales.
# version: 1.0

register_locale("es_MX", name: "Spanish (Mexico)", nativeName: "Español (México)", fallbackLocale: "es")
<locale>.js.erb

The content of assets/locales/es_MX.js.erb is quite simple – make sure you replace the locale code within that file with the one you need.

//= require locales/i18n
<%= JsLocaleHelper.output_locale(:es_MX) %>
Translation files in config/locales

The files config/locales/client.es_MX.yml and config/locales/server.es_MX.yml contain the translations you want to use. You don’t need to provide all translations needed by Discourse. The fallbackLocale and English will be used in case of missing translations.


Adding a new locale

Adding a completely new locale, that shouldn’t fall back to an existing locale, is a little bit more work.

Your plugin’s directory structure should look like this:

custom-locales
├── assets
│   └── locales
│       └── foo.js.erb
├── config
│   └── locales
│       ├── client.foo.yml
│       └── server.foo.yml
├── lib
│   └── javascripts
│       └── locale
│           ├── message_format
│           │   └── foo.js
│           └── moment_js
│               └── foo.js
└── plugin.rb
plugin.rb

You add the new locale by calling register_locale.

  • The first parameter is required and must be the language code.

  • name (the English name of the locale) and nativeName (the name shown in the user interface) can be omitted, if the language code exists in names.yml, otherwise you should set them too.

  • plural describes the language’s pluralization rules. Take a look at plurals.rb for inspiration. Also, you can omit this parameter if plurals.rb already contains your language code.

# name: custom-locales
# about: An example plugin for adding new locales.
# version: 1.0

register_locale(
  "foo",
  name: "Foo",
  nativeName: "Foo Bar",
  plural: {
    keys: [:one, :other],
    rule: lambda { |n| n == 1 ? :one : :other }
  }
)
<locale>.js.erb

The content of assets/locales/foo.js.erb is quite simple – make sure you replace the locale code within that file with the one you need.

//= require locales/i18n
<%= JsLocaleHelper.output_locale(:foo) %>
Translation files in config/locales

The files config/locales/client.foo.yml and config/locales/server.foo.yml contain the translations you want to use. You don’t need to provide all translations needed by Discourse. The English translations will be used in case of missing translations.

message_format/<locale>.js

lib/javascripts/locale/message_format/foo.js contains the pluralization rules used by the client. The rules should be the same as the ones you used in the register_locale method. Take a look at the files in lib/javascripts/locale for some inspiration. You can omit this file if that directory already contains a file for your language code.

moment_js/<locale>.js

lib/javascripts/locale/moment_js/foo.js contains the locale file used by moment.js. Take a look at the files in lib/javascripts/moment_locale for some inspiration. You can omit this file if that directory already contains a file for your language code.


FAQ

Discourse doesn’t load my locale. What is wrong?

Make sure that the plugin is enabled, that you registered the locale correctly and that all required files exist and have the correct language code in the filename. Discourse doesn’t load locales when it detects missing files.