WARNING! If your database is very large, you will need a lot of extra disk space (2x database size) and should be very careful with this upgrade!
We just landed the long waited PostgreSQL major version upgrade. Any site admins rebuilding Discourse from the command line will be upgraded to PostgreSQL 12 from the old PostgreSQL 10.
We are running this new version for a while on Meta, and everything is working fine. PostgreSQL 12 brings lots of improvements that will be automatically leveraged by Discourse.
Official Install Guide (single container)
On you next rebuild, you will see this message at the end:
Upgrade Complete ---------------- To complete the upgrade, rebuild again using: ./launcher rebuild app -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
That means everything went well in the upgrade! You just need to issue a new rebuild to get your site back and running.
Data Container Install
If you are running a setup with a dedicated data container based in the sample supplied in our discourse_docker repository, you want to be sure you are shutting down PostgreSQL in a safe and clean way.
Nowadays, we have background jobs running queries spanning several minutes, so shutting down the web container will help the data container be shutdown safely.
./launcher stop web_only ./launcher stop data ./launcher rebuild data ./launcher rebuild data ./launcher rebuild web_only
Before issuing the first rebuild to the data container, you can tail the PostgreSQL log to see if it was shutdown properly.
tail -f shared/data/log/var-log/postgres/current should give you the following log if it was clean:
2020-05-13 18:33:33.457 UTC  LOG: received smart shutdown request 2020-05-13 18:33:33.464 UTC  LOG: worker process: logical replication launcher (PID 52) exited with exit code 1 2020-05-13 18:33:33.465 UTC  LOG: shutting down 2020-05-13 18:33:33.479 UTC  LOG: database system is shut down
Doing a manual update / space constrained environments
YOU MUST BACKUP THE POSTGRES_DATA BEFORE TRYING THIS
If you are in a constrained space environment without any way to get more space you can try the following:
./launcher stop app #(or both web_only and data if that is your case) mkdir -p /var/discourse/shared/standalone/postgres_data_new docker run --rm \ -v /var/discourse/shared/standalone/postgres_data:/var/lib/postgresql/10/data \ -v /var/discourse/shared/standalone/postgres_data_new:/var/lib/postgresql/12/data \ tianon/postgres-upgrade:10-to-12 mv /var/discourse/shared/standalone/postgres_data /var/discourse/shared/standalone/postgres_data_old mv /var/discourse/shared/standalone/postgres_data_new /var/discourse/shared/standalone/postgres_data ./launcher rebuild app #(or first data and then web_only if that is your case)
On my tests this procedure requires less than 1x your current database size in free space.
Postponing the update
If you need to postpone the update during your next rebuild, you can swap the PostgreSQL template on your app.yml file by changing
This is not recommended, as some site admins will forget to revert the change afterwards.
Post update optional tasks
Optimizing PostgreSQL statistics
After the update, the new PostgreSQL won’t have table statistics on hand. You can generate those using:
cd /var/discourse ./launcher enter app su postgres psql \connect discourse VACUUM VERBOSE ANALYZE; \q exit exit
Or this one-line version of the above:
/var/discourse/launcher run app "echo 'vacuum verbose analyze;' | su postgres -c 'psql discourse'"
Cleaning up old data
For a standard install, you can delete the old data in PG10 format with the following command:
cd /var/discourse ./launcher cleanup
If you have a separate data container, you’ll need to remove the backup copy like this:
rm -fr /var/discourse/shared/data/postgres_data_old/
The source cluster was not shut down cleanly
If you get a upgrade failed with the above message, you can try a simpler approach to get it back into a better state.
Restart the old container with
./launcher start app. Wait a few minutes until it is back up.
Now shut it down again with
./launcher stop app. After that tail the logs to see if it was a clean one:
tail -f shared/data/log/var-log/postgres/current 2020-05-13 18:33:33.457 UTC  LOG: received smart shutdown request 2020-05-13 18:33:33.464 UTC  LOG: worker process: logical replication launcher (PID 52) exited with exit code 1 2020-05-13 18:33:33.465 UTC  LOG: shutting down 2020-05-13 18:33:33.479 UTC  LOG: database system is shut down
If the logs look like above, you can now try to upgrade again using
./launcher rebuild app.
lc_collate values for database “postgres” do not match
This errors happens if you are using non-default locales for your database. It was reported that you need 3 variables for it to succeed. Ensure that the
env: section of you app.yml file has the 3 lines:
LC_ALL: en_US.UTF-8 LANG: en_US.UTF-8 LANGUAGE: en_US.UTF-8
en_US.UTF-8 to your locale.
Every rebuild does the upgrade again aka upgrade loop
When this happens your upgrade logs will contain
mv: cannot move '/shared/postgres_data' to '/shared/postgres_data_old/postgres_data': Directory not empty mv: cannot move '/shared/postgres_data_new' to '/shared/postgres_data/postgres_data_new': Directory not empty
This means that there are still files from the last upgrade lingering around. Move those elsewhere before continuing.